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第197回 第3部

第197回 第3部
日時: 2020年9月7日(月)、16:40 - 17:00
(17:00 - 17:20 講演者を交えたフリーディスカッション(冒頭に1-2分の小休止を挟みます))
場所: BlueJeansによる遠隔セミナー

・講演題目:Prediction and Countermeasure for Droplet/Aerosol Infection under the Indoor Environment for the Fight against COVID-19
・講演者:坪倉 誠(複雑現象統一的解法研究チーム、チームリーダー)
※発表・スライド共に英語

講演要旨: 詳細を見る

Virus droplet infection caused by sneezing, coughing, or talking is strongly influenced by the flow, temperature and humidity of the air around an infected person and potential victims. Especially in the case of the new coronavirus, possibility of aerosol infection by atomized droplets is suggested, in addition to the usual droplet infection. Because smaller aerosol particles drift in the air for a longer time, it is imperative to predict their scattering route and to estimate how surrounding airflow affects the infection. Then the risk of droplet infection can be properly assessed and effective measures to reduce infection can be proposed. In this project, massively parallel coupling simulation of virus droplet scattering, with airflow and heat transfer under the indoor environment such as inside commuter trains, offices, classrooms, and hospital rooms are conducted. By taking into account the characteristics of the virus, its infection risk of virus droplets is assessed under various conditions. Then countermeasures to reduce the risk are proposed from a viewpoint of controlling the air flow. Complex Unified Simulation framework called CUBE, developed at RIKEN R-CCS and implemented on the supercomputer Fugaku, is mainly used, which makes it possible to execute the world-largest and highly accurate virus droplet simulation ever conducted. As the output of this project, the risk of droplet infection under the indoor environment is quantitatively evaluated, and specific countermeasures to reduce the infection risk is proposed in terms of effective ways of opening/closing windows, use of air conditioning, and placement of partitions. These outputs from the simulation can protect the living and working environment from virus droplet infection, and contribute to earlier recovery of our socio-economic activities. This project is supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology and RIKEN R-CCS, under the collaboration with RIKEN, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kobe University, Osaka University, Toyohashi University of Technology, Kajima Corporation, and Daikin Industries, Ltd.

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